Brain Procedures in Miami, FL
Advanced Neuro and Spine Institute is one of South Florida’s leading neurologic treatment centers providing diagnostic and surgical procedures to effectively treat patients suffering from neurologic conditions. The neurologists and neurosurgeons at our Aventura, Kendall, Hialeah, and Fort Lauderdale offices deliver expert, personalized care in a welcoming environment.
This section will discuss medical conditions that often require brain surgery and information about how brain surgery is performed in a clear, straightforward way using laymen’s terms. The purpose of this section is to explain brain surgery to help you understand you or your loved one’s medical conditions and to try and answer most of the common questions that people have concerning brain surgery.
As the popular idiom would suggest, brain surgery is one of the most difficult and demanding types of surgery, requiring a precise combination of education, skill, dexterity, stamina and training.
Brain surgery and the medical equipment used for diagnosing and treating medical conditions that require brain surgery have undergone vast transformations in recent years. In addition to more precise diagnostic techniques and treatment of serious conditions, brain surgeons and their support team of medical professionals now have an improved understanding of the effects of brain surgery. New advances in knowledge will help you and your loved ones better understand what is involved when a tumor has been identified, or brain surgery is required.
The Brain is a Complex Neural Net That Is the Control Center of the Body
We all know that the brain is the single most important organ in the body. Our brains are composed of three distinct segments known as the brainstem, cerebellum, and cerebrum – it embodies our very existence. On a primary level, our brains are responsible for executing and regulating body functions. The higher faculties of the brain are responsible for our thoughts and emotions coalescing into a holistic unity that determines our personality and identity. Every aspect of who and what we are is dependent on a brain that works efficiently, healthily and correctly without any damage, disorders or conditions.
Technological Breakthroughs that Benefit Today’s Brain Tumor Patients
Having a brain tumor is no longer automatically a terminal diagnosis. New breakthroughs in equipment, diagnoses, and surgical therapies can effectively treat many forms of brain tumors. To ensure the best possible outcome, Advanced Neuro and Spine Institute offers a variety of advanced, lifesaving therapies to address each tumor’s unique location, size, growth rate, and associated symptoms.
Cutting Edge Cranial Care
When your brain is damaged or negatively impacted by trauma, disorder, or abnormality, it is essential to immediately implement strategic and personalized cranial care to reverse and heal the condition. At the Advanced Neuro and Spine Institute, we specialize in all cranial conditions including arteriovenous malformations and aneurysms.
All brain surgeries are performed by a neurosurgeon. Every neurosurgeon at the Advanced Neuro and Spine Institute has gone through an extensive period of training at advanced programs that included performing both adult and pediatric brain surgery. Every surgeon at the Advanced Neuro and Spine Institute is at the top of his or her field, with decades of experience and training in brain surgery. All of our neurosurgeons work with a close-knit team of medical professionals to diagnosis and treat each brain surgery patient. Before any operation or treatment begins, the team will discuss everything in great detail with a focus on avoiding surgery if possible.
The Advanced Neuro and Spine Institute performs hundreds of brain surgeries every year. Our surgical facilities are staffed by teams of dedicated and experienced healthcare professionals using only the most advanced equipment.
What Are Brain Disorders?
The brain is the control center of the entire body. Doctors classify the brain as part of the central nervous system, sending electrical control impulses down the spinal cord and out through the body via an extensive network of nerves. The nervous system, including the brain, interprets and handles all of the senses as well as dictating responses via nerve impulses sent to the muscles.
When the control center (brain) is damaged, this can lead to a knock-on effect through the entire nervous system. An injury to the brain can cause a constellation of symptoms, including memory issues, how your five senses function, and even your personality. The term brain disorders is a catch-all phrase that refers to any damage, disability, or conditions that negatively affect the brain, including problems caused by a traumatic injury, genetic abnormality, or illness.
Brain specialists category disorders based on their symptoms and severity. Below you will read about the main categories of brain disorders.
What Are the Different Types of Brain Disorders?
Brain injuries occur when an exterior force, usually blunt trauma, causes a physical injury to your brain. This outside force can severely damage the nerves, neurons, and brain tissue. When a portion of the brain is damaged, it will disrupt the brain’s neural network and ability to correctly communicate with the rest of the body via the nervous system.
Examples of brain injuries can include:
- Blood clots
- Contusions (bruising of the brain tissue)
- Cerebral edema (the brain becomes swollen)
- Hematomas (blood pooling outside the arteries/veins)
Some external symptoms that a person may have a brain injury include:
- Difficulty speaking
- Blood coming from the ear(s)
- Memory loss
- Difficulty concentrating
Secondary symptoms of a brain injury may include:
- Dilated (wide) pupils
- Low heart rate
- Elevated blood pressure
- Breathing difficulties or irregularities
The severity and type of brain injury determine whether the individual may need medication, long-term therapies, and/or brain surgery. Approximately half of all individuals with severe brain surgeries will need some form of brain surgery, usually to repair damaged brain tissue or to reduce swelling and pressure on the brain. Individuals with less severe brain injuries may only need some medication for the pain.
Many individuals who have sustained a brain injury will need long-term rehabilitation that may include psychiatric therapy, speech/language therapy, and physical therapy.
Tumors are clusters of cells that exhibit unnatural growth patterns. When tumors form inside the brain, they can be quite dangerous. Doctors call these types of tumors “primary” brain tumors. When cancer first develops elsewhere in the body and then later spreads into the brain, these are called “secondary” or metastatic brain tumors.
Not every brain tumor is cancerous. Cancerous brain tumors are classified as malignant while non-cancerous tumors are referred to as benign. Neurosurgeons further classify all brain tumors into four grades depending on how aggressively the tumor is growing, with 1 being the slowest-growing type of tumor and 4 being the fastest-growing type. Unfortunately, medical science does not fully understand what causes brain tumors as anyone of any age can develop them.
The external symptoms of brain tumors depend on the size and location within the brain. Some indicators of a brain tumor include:
- Significant changes in an individual’s personality
- Problems with walking and/or balance
- Changes in vision, speech, and/or hearing
The treatment for brain tumors depends on a large number of factors, including the size, location, and classification of the tumor and the patient’s age and their overall health. Brain tumors are generally treated with surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation.
A neurodegenerative disease is a type of illness that affects the brain, causing the nerves and brain tissue to slowly degrade over time. These diseases can lead to the permanent destruction of the nerves and tissue of the brain as well as causing changes in an individual’s personality and brain function.
Alzheimer’s disease is a neurodegenerative disease that slowly worsens over time. Neurodegenerative diseases can cause increasingly severe problems with memory and the ability to think clearly. Neurodegenerative diseases such as Tay-Sachs Disease are genetic in nature and usually manifest themselves during childhood.
Common neurodegenerative diseases also include:
- Parkinson’s disease
- Huntington’s disease
- Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
External symptoms of neurodegenerative diseases can include:
- Mood changes or mood swings
- Apathy (uncaring)
- Loss of memory
- Increased anxiety or agitation
- A loss of inhibition
- Becoming more forgetful
Neurodegenerative diseases are progressive, meaning they tend to make symptoms get worse over time, and usually lead to permanent damage. As they progress, new symptoms may appear.
While there is no known full cure for neurodegenerative diseases, new advances in treatment can help moderate symptoms and help improve the quality of life for individuals suffering from these diseases, usually by the careful use of medications.
Additional Topics include:
- Brachial Plexus Injury
- Brain Tumors
- Cerebral Palsy
- Chiari I Malformation
- Concussion and Brain Injury
- Congenital Face, Neck and Spine Deformity
- Craniofacial Syndromes
- Dandy-Walker Syndrome
- Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy
- Juvenile Pilocytic Astrocytoma
- Movement Disorders
- Muscular Dystrophy
- Myoclonic-Astatic Epilepsy
- Pediatric Trauma (Brain and Spine Injuries)
- Rasmussen’s Syndrome
- Skeletal Dysplasia
- Spina Bifida
- Spinal Cord Tumors
- Spinal Dysraphism
- Sturge-Weber Syndrome
- Tethered Spinal Cord
What Are the Risk Factors for Developing Brain Disorders?
Brain disorders can strike anyone, but an individual’s risk factors vary for each type of brain disorder.
Traumatic brain injuries (exterior force applied to the head) are more common in adults over age 65, young adults under 25, and children.
Brain tumors affect people of all ages. Risk factors for developing brain tumors include genetic abnormalities and environmental conditions such as exposure to radiation.
Neurodegenerative diseases primarily affect individuals of an advanced age as well as people with a family history of these diseases.
Psychiatric disorders are believed to be extremely common, with as many as 1 in 5 adults suffering from a mental health condition. Risk factors for developing a mental disorder include:
- Sustaining a traumatic brain injury
- A history of alcohol/drug abuse
- A stressful or traumatic life
- A family history of mental illness
How Are Brain Disorders Diagnosed?
A licensed physician or specialist in neurological disorders can diagnose brain disorders.
Depending on your symptoms and personal history, it is likely that your doctor will start with a neurological exam to check your balance, hearing, and vision. A second step might include using imaging tools such as a CT, MRI or PET scan to get a visual image of the interior of your brain.
Other ways that doctors diagnose brain disorders are by taking a sample of fluid from your spinal cord to help identify any infections, bleeding or other abnormalities.
Mental health issues are diagnosed based on a careful evaluation of your personal history and current symptoms.
What Is the Long-Term Prognosis?
The long-term outlook for any brain disorder is dependent on the type, severity and nature of what is causing the problem. Many brain disorders can be treated and fully addressed with medication and/or therapy. For example, millions of people with mental disorders live perfectly normal lives.
Unfortunately, some disorders such as neurodegenerative diseases and severe traumatic brain injuries currently have no cure. Individuals with these conditions must learn to face permanent changes in their coordination, mental abilities and/or behavior. In these cases, treatment will try to help you learn to live with your illness and retain as much independence as possible.
Book Your Appointment Today
Advanced Neuro and Spine Institute Neurosurgeons are recognized experts in minimally invasive surgical procedures for the brain and spine. Our patients benefit from a faster recovery period, less time in the hospital, and lower risk of complications. We have offices conveniently located in Aventura, Kendall, Hialeah, and Fort Lauderdale. Please call 786-401-4599 today to schedule your initial consultation!