Ganglion Cysts in Miami, FL

The Advanced Neuro and Spine Institute specializes in the diagnosis, treatment, and management of orthopedic conditions and diseases such as ganglion cysts. Our team of experts delivers the latest advances in personalized, comprehensive care to patients in our conveniently located clinics in Aventura, Kendall, Hialeah, and Fort Lauderdale.

What is a Ganglion Cyst?

A ganglion cyst is a common condition consisting of a mass, or lump, that grows in the hand, usually around the wrist. In addition, they can grow in several joints that comprise the hand and wrist, including the outside and inside of the wrist, the end joint of a finger, and the base of a finger.

A ganglion cyst grows out of the tissues surrounding a joint, such as ligaments, tendon sheaths, and joint linings, and is filled with a thick, slippery fluid, similar to the synovial fluid that lubricates your joints. These fluid-filled cysts may appear, grow, and disappear in a fairly short period of time, or they may last several months or even years. Most ganglion cysts do not require surgery; however, in cases where the cyst is painful, impairs mobility and function, or has an unsightly appearance, several treatment options are available.

What are the Causes and Symptoms of Ganglion Cysts?

Although the causes of ganglion cysts are unknown, repetitive motor activity may exacerbate the condition. Ganglions vary in size, but often grow larger with increased wrist activity, such as typing, and become smaller during periods of rest and decreased activity. Most ganglions grow into a visible lump, although some smaller ganglions may remain hidden beneath the skin (occult ganglions). Most ganglions produce no other symptoms, though some may feel painful and tender to the touch. In some cases, a ganglion may apply pressure to the nerves that pass through the joint, causing pain, tingling, and muscle weakness. Some ganglions become quite large and, even if they are not painful, may cause concerns about appearance.

How are Ganglion Cysts Treated?

Most ganglion cysts do not require surgery, and, in special cases, if you are not experiencing pain or other symptoms, you may be advised just to wait, observing the cyst for any changes in size and/or tenderness. In addition, it would be prudent to restrict repetitive motor activities, which could cause the ganglion to increase in size, and subsequently exerting pressure on specific nerves, causing pain. A wrist brace, or splint, may be recommended to relieve a repetitive motor injury, causing the ganglion to decrease in size. As pain decreases when the size of the ganglion decreases, exercises to strengthen the wrist and improve its range of motion may be prescribed.

In some cases, if the ganglion is causing extreme pain or severely limiting mobility, the fluid may be drained from it using the aspiration procedure, which is most commonly performed on ganglions located on the top of the wrist. In this process, the area around the cyst is numbed, and the fluid is withdrawn from the cyst by a needle. Aspiration does not always eliminate the ganglion, because the “root,” or connection to the joint or tendon sheath is not removed, sometimes allowing the ganglion cyst to return. Nevertheless, aspiration may relieve temporary pain and discomfort caused by the size of the ganglion cyst.

In cases where symptoms are not relieved by non-surgical methods, or if the ganglion returns after aspiration, the cyst may be removed surgically, using a simple outpatient procedure called excision.

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If you would like more information on ganglion cyst treatment, please contact one of our conveniently located clinics in Aventura, Kendall, Hialeah, and Fort Lauderdale.

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